Would a diet that reduces the risk of diabetes and a family history work?
The onset of type 2 diabetes may be a result of heredity and lifestyle factors. It is true that the family history of diabetes increases the risk of developing the disease, but it was unclear whether positive lifestyles could suppress these effects. A new study shows that poor diets are associated with higher risk of diabetes independently of genetic risk. In addition, people who are genetically at high risk of diabetes can reduce the risk of developing the disease by concentrating on fruits, whole grains, and vegetables.
“Previous studies have shown that both genes and eating habits are related to the risk of diabetes,” said Dr. Jody Merino, the first author of the Genetics Research Center at Massachusetts General Hospital. “But we didn’t know if there was a synergy between genetic risk and eating habits.” Knowing whether the two factors interact means that certain dietary recommendations can be allowed depending on the individual’s genetic sensitivity.
The research team evaluated data from more than 35,000 American men and women to determine whether genetic risks and dietary quality affect diabetes incidence. This also included genetic data from people who were not diagnosed with diabetes, cardiovascular disease or cancer at the beginning of data collection.
Dr. Merino explained, “Our findings provide new evidence for the absence of synergies, suggesting that everyone benefits from a healthy diet regardless of genetic sensitivity.”
The study suggested that poor diet, regardless of genetic risk, is associated with a 30% increase in risk of type 2 diabetes. This suggests that people with a high genetic risk of diabetes need to add healthy diets as well as other lifestyle factors to mitigate the risk of developing the disease.
The Importance of a Healthy Diet
The research team emphasizes the importance of following a healthy, high-quality diet. Ultimately, eating a high-quality diet regardless of genetic risk is associated with a decrease in the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. 파워볼사이트
For a healthy diet, you should eat more fruits, whole grains, vegetables, nuts, and beans. On the other hand, it is better to eat less red meat, processed meat, sugary drinks, fruit juice, sodium, and trans fat.
“It should be remembered that a high-quality diet does not mean expensive food or a restrictive lifestyle,” said authorized nutritionist Mary Elin Peeps. “It means a balanced diet filled with protein, fiber, and vegetable fat.”